Let’s start by explaining some key topics.
- Wicca is a neopagan religion. Neopagan means that is a revivalist, new religious movement, seeking to revitalize pre-Christian faiths, traditions and believes.
- Wicca is in other words a new religion. Some claim it is thousands of years old, but it was founded by Gerald Gardner in the 1950s. However, many of the elements are indeed ancient.
- Wiccans view Godhood in a number of ways. There are polytheistic and agnostic Wiccans. But most Wiccans are duotheistic – they believe in a God and (often) a triple-form Goddess.
- Wicca is an earth-based religion and follows the Wheel of the Year – a celebration of eight holidays, or Sabbats as they are called as well as Esbats, celebrations of the full moon.
- Wiccans believe in reincarnation and thus in the concept of some form personal energy/soul. Many Wiccans believe in the concept of the Summerlands or Otherworld as a place where the soul resides between earthly lifetimes.
- Wiccans follow the Wiccan Rede, a poetic document describing the key moral values, which finishes with the words “An Ye Harm None, Do What Ye Will”. This core statement includes self-harm as well and is the most important Wiccan moral tenet.
- Most Wiccans use magick and ritual as a part of their daily lives. Wiccans are therefore Witches – but not all Witches are Wiccans. Read more about the distinctions here.